Monday, October 11, 2010

Carbohydrates: Know it to Defeat it!

Carbohydrates next to fats are another concern in obesity. More often not, overweight people are advised to limit ingestion of this macronutrient. It is believed to contribute some more pounds on body weight. It is but important to be familiar with this compound for better understanding. This way, shedding off will not be only a matter of the body but of the mind, as well.

All about Carbohydrates

This macronutrient is an important component of dietary needs. It is comprised of sugar units that come in various forms. It can be available as a monosaccharide being the simplest in form. It can also be in dissacharide form comprised of two sugar units. Or, it can be in polysaccharide form that contains multiple units of sugar. Indeed, carbohydrates range from simple to complex components.

Carbohydrates are extracted from glucose. It can be found both in plants and animals. Normally, it is acquired by human beings in crops such as potato, rice, wheat, etc. These comprise the cheapest energy food group. And, any of these can suffice for the dietary requirement of an individual. Too much of which is not advisable unless one is capable of rigidly burning calories in excess.

Carbohydrates in Starch, Glycogen, and Cellulose

Plants are endowed with the ability to produce glucose through photosynthesis. It then forms a complex carbohydrate known as starch. It is commonly found in seeds of plants. No wonder, high-carbohydrate foods are traced in grains, root crops, and the like. Incorporating these within the meal can assure sufficient absorption of glucose.

Another polymer from plants is cellulose. It is a special form of sugar that is mainly made of fiber. Human beings are not able to digest and absorb it in the system. It is mainly used to clean up the digestive tract from unnecessary substances. Some animals though are capable of absorbing it with special enzymes.
Glucose occurs in animals, too. It is but absorbed from starch produced by plants. It is stored in complex carbohydrates called glycogen. It is another form of polymer utilized by fauna life to store energy. Storage of which is facilitated with the aid of substances produced by the body called enzymes.

Carbohydrates in the Human Body

People consume carbohydrates to supply their daily energy needs. Carbohydrates are converted into energy through metabolism. Normally, it transpires whenever there is the need to supply calories. Aside from internal biological processes, it also happens during physical undertakings that require burning calories. This best explains why people tend to workout a lot upon excessive deposit of macronutrients.
An individual commonly takes in carbohydrates in a form of starch.

It is then broken down into glucose along the process of digestion. Then, it is transported in specific portions of the body through the blood stream. From there, it is either burned as calories or stored as glycogen. Excess of which usually accumulates in muscle tissues. This justifies the added pounds on the weight.
Burn carbohydrates reasonably by getting to know this macronutrient even more!

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